—Alex Andreou, “Spikes keep the homeless away, pushing them further out of sight,” The Guardian, June 9, 2014
—“Architect’s remedy: Back to the future,” DNA, November 23, 2013
—Ocean Howell, “The Poetics of Security: Skateboarding, Urban Design, and the New Public Space,” Urban Action, January 1, 2001
Murphy and other architects say they are responding to their clients’ concerns. But some planning experts contend that this defensive architecture has a more ominous side.
—Miles Corwin, “Buildings That Say ‘Back Off’,” Los Angeles Times, June 19, 1992