Many clubs also have men-only dining rooms and prevent women from voting on club rules. And, when a couple divorces, or a male member dies, the club often orders the woman to clean out her locker, Mrs. Goodson said.
The women say the restrictions hurt their efforts to be equals in the business world. For example, while men can invite their business clients to play golf at almost any time, women cannot — a practice that has created "a grass ceiling" of sorts.
"Women have to be allowed to network," Mrs. Goodson said, "and a golf course is big business."
—Melody Peterson, "Lobbying for Equal Rights on the 18th Hole and Beyond," The New York Times, July 20, 1997
—"Golf swings may shatter grass ceiling," Asbury Park Press, June 21, 1998
Like the executive "glass ceiling," the grass ceiling keeps women from advancing in business — by making contacts and networking, several women's groups said Thursday.
—Carolyn Pione, The Associated Press, May 20, 1994