9. Markham, Ontario (Toronto)
Toronto has been described by some wags as "Vienna surrounded by Houston." But this booming technoburb defies the sprawling, ticky-tacky, no-there-there image of the regionís suburbs. Municipal officials in Markham have embraced New Urbanism more sincerely than almost anywhere else, working hard to instill a vibrant, bustling feeling to new developments.
Peter Katz and Jay Walljasper, "10 Most Enlightened Suburbs." Utne, March / April 2003
Unfortunately, we lack a convenient name for this new city. Some have used the terms "exurbia" or "outer city." I suggest, with apologies, the "technoburb" ... By "technoburb" I mean a peripheral zone that has emerged as a viable socioeconomic unit. Spread out along its highway growth corridors are shopping malls, industrial parks, campus-like office complexes, hospitals, schools and a full range of housing types. Its residents look to their immediate surroundings rather than to the city for their jobs and other needs, and its industries find not only the employees they need but also the specialized services.
Robert Fishman, Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise and Fall of Suburbia, Basic Books, October 1987
Technoburb is just one of a long line of synonyms for these emerging exurban cityscapes. Others that I've seen are edge city, outer city, satellite city, post-urban city, centerless city, urban village, suburban downtown, and diversified regional center. For the second sense of the word, other terms bouncing around are ideopolis and technopolis. Technoburb was coined by history professor Robert Fishman in his 1987 book Bourgeois Utopias (see the earliest citation, below). Why the techno- prefix for the city-like exurb? Because, as Fishman writes, "the real basis of the new city is the invisible web of advanced technology and telecommunications that has been substituted for the face-to-face contact and physical movement of older cities."
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