"New software simplifies denial-of-service attacks," St. Petersburg Times, February 24, 2000
This DoS attack employs a simple concept: sending bogus packets from a remote location to IP routers where they collect and eventually plug up a pipe. The danger is manifested in this version because the hackers are gaining control of as many as thousands of vulnerable zombie computers in order to magnify and direct their full-scale assault against a single victim from all directions.
Brian Fonseca, "Denial-of-service attacks employ zombie PCs to hit networks," InfoWorld Daily News, December 9, 1999
distributed denial of service
man in the middle attack